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Class 12 Chemistry

16 Chapters

Class 12


Class 12 chemistry will take you deep into the study of matter and its related properties. The first chapter is The Solid State where students will learn about the solid state of matter in detail. In the Solutions chapter, students will learn all about this homogenous mixture. Electrochemistry chapter familiarizes students with this branch of physical chemistry that deals with the relationship between electricity and chemical change. Furthermore, the Chemical Kinetics chapter will teach you topics like the rate of a chemical reaction, factors influencing the rate, pseudo-first-order reaction, etc. Surface Chemistry is another chapter here and it revolves around this chemical phenomenon which takes place at the interface of two surfaces. General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements revolves around metals and metallurgy. The p-Block Elements chapter, as the name suggests, is all about p-block elements. The d and f Block Elements chapter is all about d and f block elements. In Coordination Compounds chapter, students will learn about these compounds which contain coordinate bonds. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes chapter, as the name suggests, revolves around Haloalkanes and Haloarenes. Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers chapter discusses these three substances. Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids chapter discusses these three substances. Furthermore, the Amines chapter is all amines which are organic compounds. In Biomolecules chapter, students will learn about these molecules which are produced by living organisms. Moreover, Polymers chapter teaches you about this chemical compound in detail. Finally, Chemistry in Everyday life is about the application of chemicals in day to day life.

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The Solid StateSolutionsElectrochemistryChemical KineticsSurface ChemistryGeneral Principles and Processes of Isolation of ElementsThe p-Block ElementsThe d-and f-Block ElementsCoordination CompoundsHaloalkanes and HaloarenesAlcohols, Phenols and EthersAldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic AcidsAminesBiomoleculesPolymersChemistry in Everyday Life

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Chapter 1 : The Solid State

Did you know that most solids are made up of tiny crystals? This arrangement of solids is known as the crystalline structure. It is this structure that gives solids the strength and hardness we associate with it. Let us further study about the solid state.

Important topic links

Amorphous and Crystalline SolidsClassification of Crystalline SolidsCrystal Lattice and Unit CellNumber of Atoms in a Unit CellClosed Packed Structures

Chapter 3 : Electrochemistry

When life gives you lemons, generate electricity. Ever wondered what are the contents of a battery? The branch of chemistry which studies the relationship between chemical change and electricity is called Electrochemistry.

Important topic links

Electrochemical CellsGalvanic CellsNernst EquationConductance of Electrolytic SolutionsElectrolytic Cells and Electrolysis

Chapter 4 : Chemical Kinetics

Want to know how reactions happen? And how fast or slow they happen? What are the factors that influence the reactions? You've come to the right place. Let us answer all your questions about Chemical Kinetics.

Important topic links

Introduction to Chemical KineticsRate of a Chemical ReactionFactors Influencing Rate of a ReactionIntegrated Rate EquationsEffect of Temperature and Catalyst on Rate of a Reaction

Chapter 5 : Surface Chemistry

You must have wondered how the particles in certain types of solutions remain suspended without settling down. What happens at the interface between phases?  The branch of chemistry concerned with the processes occurring at interfaces between phases, especially that between liquid and gas is known as surface chemistry.

Important topic links

AdsorptionCatalysisClassification of ColloidsPreparation and Purification of ColloidsProperties of Colloids

Chapter 6 : General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

There are about 91 metals known to man. However, from these only Silver, Gold, Copper, and Platinum occur in large amounts in their free state. To obtain other pure metals we use principles of chemistry, namely extraction and isolation.  Let us further study the general principles and processes of isolation of elements.

Important topic links

Occurrence of MetalsConcentration of OresExtraction of Crude Metal from Concentrated OreThermodynamic Principles of MetallurgyElectrochemical Principles of Metallurgy

Chapter 7 : The p-Block Elements

Which is your favourite element? Oxygen or Nitrogen? Oxygen of course. Isn't it? How would you live without it? But did you know that 78% of air consists of nitrogen? They both are p block elements and are equally important. Wonder what other elements are present in the p block of the periodic table?

Important topic links

Group 15 ElementsDinitrogenAmmoniaOxides of NitrogenNitric Acid

Chapter 8 : The d-and f-Block Elements

The periodic table is one frantic part of Chemistry. It scares us just by looking at it. Hundreds of elements in a single table. However, worry not! We will not bombard you with the entire periodic table today. Here, we will study the d and f block elements only.

Important topic links

Position in the Periodic Table and Electronic Configuration(d-block)General Properties of the Transition Elements (d-Block)Some More Important Properties of Transition Elements (d-block)Some Important Compounds of Transition ElementsThe Lanthanoids

Chapter 9 : Coordination Compounds

Do you know that there is a type of compound other than ionic and covalent? Yes. Such a compound is a coordination compound and the bond is called a coordination bond. But how is this bond formed? What happens during the formation? Do you want to know all about it? Then plunge into the topics below.

Important topic links

Introduction to Coordination CompoundsWerner's Theory of Coordination CompoundsTerms Pertaining to Coordination CompoundsNomenclature of Coordination CompoundsIsomerism in Coordination Compounds

Chapter 10 : Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

It is so hot outside that we just can't live without using air conditioners and refrigerators, right? But did you know that the cooling in both of these appliances is brought about by nothing but haloalkanes and haloarenes? Yes, these organic compounds are very useful not only in laboratories but also

Important topic links

Classification and Nomenclature of Haloalkanes and HaloarenesMethods of Preparation of HaloalkanesPreparation of HaloarenesPhysical Properties of Haloalkanes and HaloarenesReactions of Haloalkanes

Chapter 11 : Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Alcohol is bad'. Have you heard this? Well, commercial alcohol is. But alcohols used in industries are very useful. They are simply organic compounds. Similarly, phenols and ethers are useful too. In this chapter, you will learn everything about Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers you need to learn. So if you

Important topic links

Classification of Alcohols, Phenols and EthersNomenclature and StructurePreparation Methods of Alcohols and PhenolsPhysical Properties of Alcohols and PhenolsChemical Reactions of Alcohols and Phenols

Chapter 14 : Biomolecules

Biomolecules are nothing but molecules present in living organisms. In fact, when scientists say they are looking for life on Mars, what they are actually looking for are biomolecules. Biomolecules come in a wide range of sizes and structures. Here we will learn about Biomolecules in further detail. Let us get started.

Important topic links

Carbohydrates - Definition and ClassificationMonosaccharides : GlucoseMonosaccharides : FructoseDisaccharidesPolysaccharides

Chapter 15 : Polymers

Take a minute to imagine your life without polymers. So many essential things in life would disappear, that it would become incredibly difficult if not impossible to survive. Chemistry allows us to understand the structure and properties of polymers and make further advancements in this field.

Important topic links

Classification of PolymersTypes of Polymerisation ReactionsRubberMolecular Mass of PolymersBiodegradable Polymers

Chapter 16 : Chemistry in Everyday Life

Science is everything within and around us. It can be seen in everything we do and everything that happens to us. We can thus observe all branches of science in different aspects of our everyday life. In this chapter, we will learn about observing Chemistry in Everyday Life.

Important topic links

Drugs and Their ClassificationDrug-Target InteractionTherapeutic Action of Different Classes of DrugsChemicals in FoodCleansing Agents