15 Chapters

Class 7

CBSE

Class 7 Maths has a lot for a student to practice and learns new concepts of it. Moreover, it helps students in their unlimited need that is scoring good marks. Besides, the mathematics book contains 15 chapters. Chapter 1 is about integers where their properties and operations will be taught. Chapter 2 explains fractions and decimals along with the application of addition and subtraction on them. Chapter 3 describes how to handle data like collecting, organizing, data, etc. Chapter 4 deals with setting up and solving an equation. Chapter 5 defines lines and angles such as intersecting and transversal lines, linear pair, supplementary and complementary angles, etc. Chapter 6 explains triangles and their properties and types of triangles. Chapter 7 teaches the Congruence of Triangles, which means those figures that have the same shape and size. Chapter 8 is about comparing quantities such as equivalent ratios, percentage, converting fractional numbers, etc. Chapter 9 deals with positive and negative rational numbers, rational numbers on a line, etc. Chapter 10 covers practical geometry such as drawing line segments, etc. Chapter 11 teaches areas and perimeters of plain figures. Chapter 12 explains algebraic expressions, coefficients, etc. Chapter 13 teaches exponents and the power of numbers. Chapter 14 describes the symmetry of shapes. And chapter 15 covers the visualization of solid shapes.

Suppose you take a jar and add 5 chocolates into the jar. It is represented by a positive value +5. Now remove 5 chocolates from a jar so this is represented by a negative value -5. But can you remove half of or a third of chocolate? NO! So here the integer always represent the number of chocolates added or taken.

Can you guess a pastry is what fraction of a cake? And that Paisa comprises a decimal part of a Rupee? Well, you will come across a plenty of daily examples where fractions and decimals are used. In this section, let's study about their properties and operations, like their multiplication and division.

Your life is surrounded by numbers. Marks you scored, runs you made, your height, your weight. All these numbers are nothing but data. Here we will learn what is data and how to organise and represent this data in forms of graphs and charts. We will also come across the concept of probability. Let us get started.

An equation is a basic building block of a mathematical problem. Problem statements can be turned into simple equations, which help us to solve them in an easier and a quick manner. If 3 apples and 4 oranges cost 100 rupees, can you make an equation out of it? Let's study more about the mathematical equations.

Do you remember what was the first thing you did with a pencil when you were a kid? Surely drawing random lines, isn't it? Let us try understanding the concept of lines in mathematics. In this lesson, we will also learn what is an angle and its types. So let us study lines and angles all together.

Do you know more and more Triangle shapes are being used in construction? Although they are more difficult to construct than squares or rectangles, they offer more stability and strength. Let’s learn some such interesting concepts about Triangles and the properties of triangle.

How do you think the scientists measured the height of Mount Everest? Do you think they went about it with a tape measure? Well of course not. They probably used many fascinating concepts in Geometry. Let's learn here some of these interesting concepts about Triangles...

What is a number line? And how exactly are numbers represented on this line? Well, the manner of the representation of numbers on a number line is what we call a number system. Let us find out some more interesting concepts about number systems.

Imagine it's your best friend's birthday and he/she hosts a party which is at 7 PM. You suddenly get caught in traffic. Now, you know a shortcut to reach the venue faster but you can't move until the signal's clear. What do you do? We use algebra and algebraic expressions. But what are these terms? Let us study them.

When we have to repeatedly multiply a number by itself, we raise it to a power. This is known as Exponent. The power in the exponent represents the number of times that we want to carry out the multiplication. In this chapter, we will learn about powers, exponents and their peripherals.

What is Symmetry? Ever noticed, that some things are symmetric? For example, the letters H, A, M, all look the same left and right. The letters B, C, D are the same along a horizontal line. The letter X is symmetric both horizontally and vertically. A perfectly round O is symmetric around its centre.

All of us have seen a pyramid, what's its shape? Conical! That's right. What about a football? What is the shape of a football? Spherical, you'd say? You're right again. So what're these shapes? These are solid shapes. In simple terms, we're visualising solid shapes. So, let us learn more about them.