Active and Passive Immunity

Biology

definition

Active immunity and passive immunity

The difference between active and passive immunity are as follows:
Active immunityPassive immunity
1. Produced by one's own body.1. Received from outside.
2. It is developed by an individual's own cells in response to an infection or a vaccine.2. It is developed when ready-made antibodies are inoculated from outside.
3. It provides effective and long lasting protection.3. The protection is less effective and short lived.
4. It has no side effects.4. It may cause reactions.
5. Time is required for the effectiveness of the immunity.5. Immediately effective.