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Life in Amazon River Basin

Geography

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Life in the Amazon Basin

The tropical region lies very close to the equator; between 10N and 10S. So, it is referred to as the equatorial region. The river Amazon flows through this region. The place where a river flows into another body of water is called the rivers mouth. Many tributaries join the Amazon River to form the Amazon basin. The river basin drains portions of Brazil, parts of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Columbia and a small part of Venezuela.

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Amazon river's mouth

The place where a river flows into another body of water is called the rivers mouth. Many tributaries join the Amazon River to form the Amazon basin.

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Climate of Amazon Basin

The Amazon Basin stretches on the equator and is characterised by hot and wet climate throughout the year. Both day and nights are almost equally hot and humid. It rains almost everyday, that too without much warning. The day temperatures are high with very high humidity. At night the temperature goes down but the humidity remains high.

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Rainforests of Amazon Basin

As it rains heavily in the Amazon Basin, thick forests grow there. The forests are in fact so thick that the dense roof created by leaves and branches does not allow the sunlight to reach the ground. The ground remains dark and damp. Only shade tolerant vegetation may grow here. Orchids, bromeliads grow as plant parasites.

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Life of people in the Amazon Basin rainforests

Life of the people of the Amazon basin is slowly changing. In the older days the heart of the forest, could be reached only by navigating the river. In 1970 the Trans Amazon highway made all parts of the rainforest accessible. Aircrafts and helicopters are also used for reaching various places. The indigenous population was pushed out from the area and forced to settle in new areas where they continued to practice their distinctive way of farming. The developmental activities are leading to the gradual destruction of the biologically diverse rainforests.