Brief introduction about Cabinet Mission and Clauses of the Cabinet Mission PlanClement Attlee, the new British Prime Minister, declared in the House of Commons that a Cabinet Mission would be sent to India to facilitate the process of transfer of power. The Cabinet Mission proposed a two-tier federal plan which was expected to maintain national unity while conceding the largest measure of regional autonomy.
Describe about the federal union clause of Cabinet Mission PlanThere was to be federal union of the British Provinces and the Princely States. The Union Government should deal with the following subjects: i) Foreign Affairs ii) Defence and iii) Communication. The Union government should have the power to raise the finances required for the above mentioned subjects.
Powers of the Union and Provincial autonomy of Cabinet MissionThe Union would have its own executive and legislature composed of members of elected by all Provinces.
The Provinces would enjoy full autonomy for all subjects other than the Union subjects.
Discuss about the grouping of the provinces clause of Cabinet Mission PlanThe British Provinces were divided into groups.
Group A - Six Hindu Majority Provinces.
Group B - Three Muslim Majority Provinces
Group C - Bengal and Assam.
A province could leave any group and join another by a majority of votes.
Discuss about the formation of a constituent assemblyA Constituent Assembly would be set up to frame the new Constitution of the Indian Union. The members of the Constituent Assembly would be elected by the Provincial Legislative Assemblies.
Discuss about the representation of minorities clause of cabinet mission planAs per the Cabinet Mission Plan, separate representation was to be given to Muslims and Sikhs.
Discuss about the formation of an interim government clause of cabinet mission planAn interim government would be formed at the Centre with 14 members. For the time being, the Viceroy would reconstitute his Executive Council consisting of representatives of all communities.
Freedom to join the commonwealth clause of Cabinet Mission PlanAccording to the Cabinet Mission Plan, India would be free to remain within the British Commonwealth or secede from it.
Discuss about the transfer of power clause of cabinet mission planAs per the Cabinet Mission Plan, it would be necessary to work out a treaty between the Constituent Assembly and the United Kingdom for matters arising out of the transfer of power.
Discuss about the rejection of the demand for Pakistan by the Cabinet Mission PlanMuslim League's demand for Pakistan was rejected by the Cabinet Mission for the following reasons:
i) The establishment of Pakistan would not solve the problem of communal minorities.
ii) There was no justification for including within Pakistan the non-Muslim districts.
iii) The Princely States would find it difficult to decide which Union to join.
iv) The armed forces, transportation, telegraph and other services were built for the whole country and partition would just increase problems.
Reaction of Congress and Muslim League to the Cabinet Mission PlanThe Congress accepted the proposals with reservations. It accepted only that part of the scheme which dealt with the Constitution making. The Muslim League accepted it in its entirety on June 6, 1946 because it felt that the grouping of Muslim majority provinces in a way meant the formation of Pakistan.
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