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Coastal Plains of India

Geography

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Sahyadri or Western Ghats

Western ghats lie parallel to the western coast. They are continuous and can be crossed through passes only. The Western Ghats are higher than the Eastern Ghats and their average elevation is 9001600 metres. The Western Ghats are also known as Sahyadri. The height of the Western Ghats progressively increases from north to south. The highest peaks include the AnaiMudi (2,695 metres) and the Doda Betta (2,637 metres).

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Western Coastal Plains

The western coastal plain, sandwiched between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, is a narrow plain. It consists of three sections. The northern part of the coast is called the Konkan (Mumbai Goa), the central stretch is called the Kannad Plain while the southern stretch is referred to as the Malabar coast.

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Eastern Ghats of India

Stretch from- Northern Odisha to the Nilgiris across coastal Andhra. Average elevation- 600 m. Highest peak-Mahendragiri in Andhra Pradesh. Uniform in their northern portion.

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Eastern Coastal Plains

The eastern coastal plain along the Bay of Bengal is wide and level. In the northern part, it is referred to as the Northern Circar, while the southern part is known as the Coromandal Coast. Large rivers such as the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri have farmed extensive delta on this coast. Lake Chilika is an important feature along the eastern coast.

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Eastern and Western Coastal Plains

Western Coastal PlainsEastern Coastal Plains
1. They are a product of submergence of land.They are a product of emergence due to deposits.
They are located between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats.They are located between the Bay of Bengal and the Eastern Ghats.
They are drained by several short and swift streams which do not form deltas.They are drained by a number of large rivers which form deltas.
They are indented with many natural ports.They have a linear coastline.
They are narrow with an average width of 64 km.They are broader with an average width of 80 to 100 km.

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Distinguish between western and eastern ghats

Western GhatsEastern Ghats
1. Rise steeply from the West coast.Rise gently from the East coast.
2. Higher with an average height 900-1,100 m. Highest peak- Anaimudi Lower with an average height of 600 m. Highest peak- Mahendragiri.
3. Hills are continuous.Hills are discontinuous. 
4. Source of all important rivers of the Deccan Plateau.No river rises here. Rivers cut valleys here.