Project Tiger was launched in 1973. Initially, it showed success as the tiger population went up to 4,002 in 1985 and 4,334 in 1989. But in1993, the population of the tiger had dropped to 3,600. There are 27 tiger reserves in India covering an area of 37,761 sq km Tiger conservation has been viewed not only as an effort to save an endangered species, but with equal importance as a means of preserving biotypes of sizeable magnitude.
Need for conservation of forests - shortcut
Conservation preserves the ecological diversity and our life support systems water, air and soil. It also preserves the genetic diversity of plants and animals for better growth of species and breeding. Forests play an effective role in controlling temperature, humidity and precipitation. They help in water percolation and thereby maintain underground water table.
Measures for protection of wildlife - definition
1. It is necessary to stop cruelty to wild animals and activities like hunting. Relevant laws should be followed strictly. The provision for penalty and punishment should be made strict. 2. It is necessary to keep a balance of herbivorous and carnivorous animals. Therefore, Census should be conducted time and again. 3. Forests provide natural protection to wildlife. Therefore, we should stop the destruction of forests and thereby saving the animals from becoming homeless. 4. Knowledge should be given to people for the protection of wildlife by explaining the importance of wildlife. 5. Many animals and vegetation is destroyed due to forest fire. Therefore, quick and solid efforts should be made for extinguishing the fire. 6. Efforts should be made for timely medical treatment of wild animals against diseases. 7. Sanctuaries, National Parks and Reserves should be developed.