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Diversity in India

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Diversity and unity - definition

In our society, we have always experienced diversity of languages, regions, religions and sects. India's freedom struggle has shown that unity can be shaped in spite of such diversity. That is why India is an important example of the claim that unity and diversity can co-exist.

Meaning of nationalism - shortcut

The word nationalism is derived from the word nation. The deciding factors of nationalism are people, who know their land as motherland, brotherhood of those people and equal participation at all times in the nation. Nationalism is not a new thing for Indians. Nationalism was the driving force to fight the foreigners. 

Meaning of national integration - shortcut

National integration refers to that situation where all the people of the country feel they are one though there are differences with regard to race, religion, culture and religion and language. One unique feature of our nation is the freedom citizens enjoy to practise the religion they desire. Similarly, the citizens have the freedom to dress, eat,  and interact with each other in the way they want. Even though there is geographical and natural diversity, politically we are all united.

Factors which enable unity in diversity - shortcut

1. Geographical unity: The physical features of India have cut us from the rest of the world and made us feel one naturally.
2. Political unity: All 29 states function under the same Constitution.
3. Religious unity: People of different religions practice their religion without any fear and also respect one another's religion. 
4. Linguistic unity: Every state has its own language and literature. People of one language respect people speaking other languages thereby fostering unity.
5. Cultural unity: Though people follow different religions and practice their  own customs, traditions, live and dress up differently, they are still united. Thus, amidst diversity, there is unity among the Indians. 

Factors promoting national integration - shortcut

1. Secularism: India being a secular country gives freedom of religion to its citizens and all religions are treated equally which contributes to national integration.
2. Democracy: Being a democratic country, all citizens are equal before law. No discrimination is made on the basis of caste, religion, language or culture which contributes to national integration.
3. National festivals: National festivals like Republic Day bring people together during celebrations irrespective of their religion, language and culture.
4. Our national symbols: Our national symbols like the National Anthem, National Flag, National Animal, National Bird, National flower, etc. enable us to identify ourselves as belonging to one nation. 
5. Interdependence: The Central and State governments work together to achieve common goals of the nation. Cotton grown in Gujarat is marketed in Bihar. This shows that no part of the country can find development without depending on other parts of the country. 

Problems hindering national integration - shortcut

1. When people of different religions and castes form their own associations, and indulge in activities which encourage their castes and religions, national integration is threatened.
2. Parochialism and regionalism are posing threats to national unity.
3. The presence of innumerable castes and caste-based associations is leading to communal disharmony.
4. Border disputes, river water disputes and language disputes between states are also posing a threat to our national integrity. Also, factors like terrorism, untouchability, lack of political will, negligence of people are obstacles to national integration.