Freedom Struggle (1940s)

History

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Brief introduction about Cabinet Mission and Clauses of the Cabinet Mission Plan

Clement Attlee, the new British Prime Minister, declared in the House of Commons that a Cabinet Mission would be sent to India to facilitate the process of transfer of power. The Cabinet Mission proposed a two-tier federal plan which was expected to maintain national unity while conceding the largest measure of regional autonomy.

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Discuss about the Cripps Mission

With the Japanese army rapidly advancing towards India, it became necessary for the British to break the political deadlock in India. Churchill announced on May 11 that Sir Stafford Cripps would go to India for consultation with all the parties.

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Brief introduction about INA

The idea of the Indian National Army (INA) was conceived in Malaya by Mohan Singh, an Indian officer in the British Indian Army. He decided not to join the retreating British army and instead went to the Japanese for help. Indian Prisoners of War (POW's) were handed over by the Japanese to Mohan Singh who inducted them into the INA. 

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Explain the impact of the Quit India Movement

The Quit India movement was in fact short-lived. Its importance lay in the fact that it demonstrated the depth that nationalist feeling had reached in the country and the great capacity for struggle and sacrifice that the people had developed. It was evident that the British would no longer find it possible to rule India against the wishes of the people.

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Bose and the Congress

Bose became an active worker of the freedom movement as he was attracted to the non-cooperation movement. He had also participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement. When he was elected as the President at the Haripura session of the Congress, he laid stress on national unity, planning and organisation of the masses. He had a rift with Gandhiji on many issues. Later, he had rift with the members of the Congress due to which he resigned on 29th April 1939 and founded a new party called the Forward bloc on 3rd May, 1939.

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Brief introduction about partition of India

The Indian independence struggle had become more extensive during the period of the Second World War. The demand for the independence of India was gaining strength. The British rulers realized that it was necessary to take serious cognizance of this situation. Accordingly, the British Government began preparing various plans for granting independence to India.