Fundamental Quantities and Fundamental Units

Physics

definition

Define derived quantities and their units

The Fundamental Quantity is independent Physical Quantity that is not possible to express in other Physical Quanitity. It is used as pillars for other quantities aka Derived Quantities. In Physics, Length, Mass, Time, Electric Current, Thermodynamic Temperature, etc are examples of Fundamental Quantities.

Area
Volume
Force
Pressure
Density "
The seven fundamental S.I units are:−
metre → for length
second → for time
kilogram → for mass
kelvin → for temperature
ampere → for electric current
candela → for luminous intensity
mole → for the amount of substance.

definition

Identification of fundamental quantities

A fundamental unit is a unit adopted for measurement of a base quantity. A base quantity is one of a conventionally chosen subset of physical quantities, where no subset quantity can be expressed in terms of the others.

  1. Length (meter)
  2. Mass (kilogram)
  3. Time (second)
  4. Electric current (ampere)
  5. Thermodynamic temperature (kelvin)
  6. Amount of substance (mole)
  7. Luminous intensity (candela)