Fundamental Rights find a place in Part 3 of the Constitution of India. These rights give people protection from oppressive governments and place a duty on the government to uphold them. If our rights are violated by the government, we can go to the court for protection of these rights.
Right to Equality
The Right to equality includes the following rights: 1. Equal protection of law. 2. Social equality. 3. Equality of opportunity. 4. Abolition of untouchability. 5. Abolition of titles.
Right to Freedom
The Right to Freedom guarantees the following six freedoms: 1. Freedom of speech and expression. 2. Freedom to assemble peacefully without arms. 3. Freedom to form associations or unions. 4. Freedom to move freely. 5. Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the Indian territory. 6. Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
Right against Exploitation
It prohibits all forms of forced labour, child labour and traffic of human beings. It is provided under Articles 23 and 24 of the Indian Constitution.
Right to freedom of Religion
All individuals are free to follow their conscience and practice any religion. According to the Constitution, the government does not have any religion. It treats all religions as equal. India is a secular country.
Cultural and Educational rights
Article 29 gives a section of the people or whole of them the right to preserve their distinct language, script and culture. Article 30 gives all minorities the right to establish and administer the educational institutions of their choice.
Right to Constitutional Remedies
If our rights are violated, we can go to the government for protection. But if the government itself violates or does not respect our rights, we have the right to move the Courts. The Court will decide if the government has wrongly interfered with our rights and if so, ask the government not to do so. Judiciary is the protector of our rights.
Right to Information
Right to Information Act 2005 mandates timely response to citizen requests for government information. It provides a Gateway to the citizens for quick search of information on the details of first Appellate Authorities, PIOs etc. amongst others, besides access to RTI related information / disclosures published on the web by various Public Authorities under the Government of India as well as the State Governments.