Inventions and Inventors in Science

Physics

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Life sketch of Scientist

Sir Isaac Newton was a renowned mathematician, astronomer, and physicist who is recognized as one of the most influential scientists of the world.
He is credited with the discovery of Gravity, which gave the man the ability to predict the movement of celestial bodies. He also discovered Calculus, a very potent mathematical tool. He also gave the three laws of motion that set the foundation for modern classical mechanics.
His contribution to the field of Optics is also remarkable.He showed that white light is composed of component colors. He also stated that light is made up of corpuscles. 
Newton's Law of Cooling states that the rate of cooling in a body is directly proportional to temperature difference between the body and its surroundings. 
He also invented the Reflecting Telescope.

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1. The Nobel Prizes are the prizes awarded annually to those individuals and organizations who make outstanding contributions in the fields of physics, chemistry, literature, medicine, peace etc. It was firstly given in 1901 and is named after the name of Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel.  
2. In the field of physics, this prize has been awarded 110 times to 204 Nobel Laureates between 1901 and 2016.
3. Among them, John Bardeen is the only Nobel Laureate who has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics twice, in 1956 and 1972.
Other winners include Max Planck, Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr who also has got Nobel Prize.

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Inventors and their inventions

Some well known inventors along with their inventions and laws are shown below :
1. Issac Newton :
    Laws of Motion, Laws of Gravitation, Reflecting Telescope 
2. Albert Einstein :
    Theory of Relativity, Quantum Theory of Light
3. Johannes Kepler :
     Laws of Planetary Motion
4. Archimedes' :
    Law of Buoyancy 

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Indian Scientists and their Achievements

Indian scientists have made their contributions in many different fields. Below is the list of the scientists and their achievements.
1) C. V. Raman: C. V. Raman is one of the most famous Indian scientists of the world and his work on light scattering, which won him the noble prize, is still known as the most significant discovery of all time.
2) Homi Jehangir Bhabha: Dr. Bhabha has done a great deal of work and put an enormous amount of work to get the India feature in the list of the countries which hold the nuclear power of their own.
3) Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: Dr. Kalam is better known as the missile man of India. His work has made sure that India doesnt fall behind in the defense sector.
4) Jagadish Chandra Bose: He is the first in the world to claim and to prove that even the plants have feelings like humans. He was known for his work in plant science.
5) Srinivasa Ramanujan: He is known as one of the greatest mathematician ever produced in the history.He has many papers published on the various topics of mathematics like algebra, trigonometry, integer functions and others which lead other scientists to do calculate more results and simplify the complex mathematics problems.
6) Vikram Sarabhai: Dr. Sarabhai is known to us as the father of the Indian Space program. It was his efforts that India launched its first satellite.

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Raman Effect

The Raman Effect deals with the scattering of light by molecules of a medium when they are excited to vibrational energy levels. It was discovered by Indian scientist C.V.Raman.

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Ancient scientific discoveries

  • The idea of zero:  Mathematician Aryabhata was the first person to create a symbol for zero and it was through his efforts that mathematical operations like addition and subtraction started using the digit, zero.
  • A Theory of Atom: One of the notable scientists of the ancient India was Kanad who is said to have devised the atomic theory centuries before John Dalton was born. He speculated the existence of anu or a small indestructible particles, much like an atom.