Our Constitution (TS 5)

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Significance of January 26

The date January 26, 1950 for commencement of the Constitution was specially selected because of its historical importance. It was on this date, January 26, in 1929 that the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress had for the first time given the call of 'Purna Swaraj' or Complete Independence. 

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Drafting Committee

The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. A drafting committee under the chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was formed. The drafting committee prepared a draft of constitution for discussion. Several rounds of thorough discussion took place on the Draft Constitution, clause by clause. More than two thousand amendments were considered. The members deliberated for 114 days spread over three years. 

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India - A Sovereign Democratic Republic

The Preamble to the Constitution embodies the source of the Constitution i.e., the people of India. The terms 'sovereign', 'socialist', 'secular', 'democratic', 'republic' in the Preamble suggests the nature of the state. The ideals of justice, liberty, equality, fraternity reflects the objectives of the Constitution.

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India - A Secular and Socialist Country

The Gandhian ideals are aimed to be secured by the incorporation of the word Socialist in the Preamble by the 42nd Amendment. The same amendment inserted the word Secular to reflect the secular nature of Indian society. These values are further strengthened by the word Democratic in the Preamble.
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