President of India

The executive power of the Indian Union is vested in the President. The President is the Head of the State and the supreme commander of the Defence Forces of India. The President exercises his powers on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. He is also responsible for constituting of the judiciary. 


Qualifications for election of the President

i) He should be an Indian citizen;
ii) He should have completed the age of 35 years;
iii) He is qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha. 


Manner of election

The election of the President is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote and the voting at such election is by secret ballot.


Oath and term of the office of the President

Before entering upon his office, the President takes an oath in the presence of the Chief Justice of India to:
i) discharge his functions;
ii) preserve, protect and defend the Constitution and the law, and
iii) devote himself to the service and well-being of the people of India.
 The President holds office for a term of 5 years from the date on which he enters upon his office. 


Vacation of office

1. The President may submit his resignation letter to the Vice-President who submits the same to the Speaker of Lok Sabha.
2. The President may be removed from the office for violation of the Constitution by the process of impeachment.


Procedure for impeachment of the President

 The impeachment is to be initiated by either House of Parliament. The charges are to be framed in the form of resolution, signed at least by 1/4 th members of the total members of the House. The President has to be given a notice of 14 days in advance. The resolution is to be passed by 2/3 rd majority of the total members of the House and then it is to be sent to other House for investigation and decision. If the other House after investigation sustains the charges and passes the identical resolution with 2/3 rd majority of the total membership, the President ceases to hold office from the date such resolution is passed.


Powers and Functions of the President of India


Prime Minister


Council of Ministers


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