|Council of Ministers||Cabinet|
|The Council of Ministers consists|
of all categories of ministers- Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers.
|The Cabinet is a smaller group consisting of 15 to 18 senior ministers holding important portfolios such as Defence, Finance, Railways, etc.|
|The Prime Minister may or may not consult the other Ministers below the rank of Cabinet Ministers.||They are the most trusted colleagues of the Prime Minister and he always consults them.|
|In the day-to-day working of the government, the Council of Ministers as a whole rarely meets.||The Cabinet determines the policy and programme of the Government; so its members meet frequently.|