Properties and Uses of Nitrogen

Chemistry

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Properties of dinitrogen

  • It has two stable isotopes: and 
  • It is adsorbed by charcoal.
  • It is neutral to litmus.
  • It is neither combustible nor a supporter of combustion.

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Physical properties of dinitrogen

  • It is colourless, tasteless and non-toxic gas.
  • It is very slightly soluble in water.
  • It has low freezing point.

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Chemical properties of dinitrogen

  • It is inert and unreactive at room temperature.
  • It is neutral to litmus.
  • It combines with non-metals.
                
                
                

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Active nitrogen

The excited form of nitrogen is referred as "Active nitrogen" and it is made by passing electric spark through at a low pressure. This forms atomic nitrogen and the process is associated with glow.

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Uses of dinitrogen

Uses:
1. It is used for the manufacture of nitrolim.
2. It is used for the manufacture of by the Brikeland-Eyde process.
3. It is used for the manufacture of by Haber's process.
4. It also provide inert atmosphere during industrial process where presence of is avoided.