Quit India Movement (ICSE 10)
Brief introduction about Quit India MovementAfter the Cripps mission, the Congress firmly resolved to intensify the movement for freedom. The Working Committee of the Congress passed a resolution on July 14, 1942, at Wardha. The resolution demanded that the British rule in India be ended immediately, giving India independence.It was finally approved in the Mumbai session where it was decided to start a nationwide non-violent movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.
Discuss about the Cripps MissionWith the Japanese army rapidly advancing towards India, it became necessary for the British to break the political deadlock in India. Churchill announced on May 11 that Sir Stafford Cripps would go to India for consultation with all the parties.
Explain the impact of the Quit India MovementThe Quit India movement was in fact short-lived. Its importance lay in the fact that it demonstrated the depth that nationalist feeling had reached in the country and the great capacity for struggle and sacrifice that the people had developed. It was evident that the British would no longer find it possible to rule India against the wishes of the people.
Explain the failure of the Cripps MissionAlmost all the political parties and sections of the people rejected the proposals of the Cripps Mission. The mission did not bring with it the promise of independence in the near future. The plan involved partitioning the country. The Muslim League opposed the creation of a single union. Hindu Mahasabha, Sikhs, Anglo-Indians, Indian Christians and labour leaders also opposed the Cripps Mission proposals.
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