Reflexive and Emphatic Pronouns (Basic)
Reflexive PronounsPronouns are called reflexive pronouns when the action of the verb turns back on the subject.
Reflexive pronouns are usually objects of the verb.
Eg: I fed myself the grapes.
You accidentally cut yourself last Thursday.
We blame ourselves for the accident.
Jonah helped himself to the food.
Lisa read to herself in the afternoon.
They bought themselves new shoes.
Emphatic PronounsEmphatic pronouns are compound personal pronouns such as 'himself', 'myself' and 'yourself' used for emphasis.
Eg: I will build the house myself.
We will watch the show ourselves.
You yourself can tell us about the situation.
We saw the President himself.
She herself told us the news.
The city itself does not receive much rainfall.
They themselves prefer to stay at home.
Emphatic PronounWhen reflexive pronouns are used to emphasize the noun, they are called emphatic pronouns.
She herself informed me.
They themselves saw it.
Relation between Reflexive and Emphatic PronounsReflexive pronouns show that the action of the subject reflects upon the doer. However, an emphatic pronoun simply emphasizes the action of the subject.
She cut herself. - herself is a reflexive pronoun since the subject's (the girl's) action (cutting) refers back to the doer (the girl).
She herself cut the cake. - herself is an emphatic pronoun because it is emphasizing the subject (the girl).
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