Slave and Tughluq Dynasties (Advanced)


Slave dynasty

Qutubuddin Aibak is regarded as the founder of the slave dynasty. The early rulers of this dynasty were called the 'Mamluk' Sultans. The word Mamluk is an Arabic word that means 'owned.' Since these Sultans were earlier either slaves of the Turks or were the sons of the slaves, they were called Mamluk Sultans. Qutub-ud-din Aibak  laid the foundation of Qutub Minar in Delhi which was completed by Iltutmish.