Join / Login

Summarizing (Basic)

English

definition

Main Idea of a Passage

Read the passage and identify the main idea, general theme or primary theme that the passage focuses on.

definition

Theme of the Poem

Read the poem and identify the main idea or the primary theme that the poem focuses on.

definition

Purpose of the passage or paragraph

Read the passage or paragraph indicated and identify the thematic or stylistic purpose with which it was framed.

definition

Title of a Passage

Read the passage and frame a title that best summarizes the main idea of the passage.

definition

How to Identify the Theme

The theme of the text/passage is the central idea or message that the text is trying to convey. Sometimes, the author will state the theme clearly. But when the theme is not clearly stated, you have to use clues to infer the theme from the text. Read the text carefully and look for any theme that runs through the whole passage.

example

How to Identify the Theme

For example, let's look at the story of Cinderella. The evil step-mother and step-sisters mistreat Cinderella. However, Cinderella's goodness is rewarded. Her fairy godmother makes it possible for her to go to the ball where she meets the prince. In the end, she marries the prince and lives happily ever after. Thus, it is clear that the overall theme of this story is "the triumph of good over evil."

definition

Summary

The summary of a text/passage is a shortened version of the text that includes only the main points or ideas. To summarize a text, first read through the text carefully and make a note of the important points. Then, combine the highlighted points in your own words to create a summary.

definition

How to Identify the Message or Moral

A moral is a lesson that the author or poet wants to teach the reader through the text or poem. It is a message that is either stated or revealed at the end of a story and is meant to teach certain values to the reader.

example

How to Identify the Message or Moral

For example, in the story about the hare and the tortoise, the hare is proud and over-confident about his ability to win a race. The tortoise, on the other hand, moves slowly, but is determined to finish the race. In the end, the tortoise defeats the hare. In this story, the moral is "slow and steady wins the race" or "pride goes before a fall."

definition

Theme and Moral

Theme and moral might seem quite similar to each other, but there is a difference between the two. Both theme and moral can be stated directly or indirectly. However, the theme usually runs through the whole text or passage. On the other hand, moral is something that becomes clear at the end of the text. A theme does not have to be positive and it is not meant to teach the reader anything. However, a moral is meant to teach a lesson or certain values to the reader.