The Chola Empire (From 9th Century CE. to 12th Century CE.)


Sources of the Cholas

The important sources of information about the Cholas are the following:
1. Inscriptions:  The inscriptions of the Cholas are in the form of Copper-plate grants, stone inscriptions and inscriptions made on the walls and pillars of temples.
2. The Brihadeshwara temple: The Brihadeshwara temple, also known as Rajarajeshwara temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva was built by the Chola king Rajaraja I in the 10th century BC.


Political history of the Cholas

Chola ruler Vijayalaya established Chola rule in Tamil land, with Thanjavur as his capital. After his death, his grandson, Parantaka I, became the king. Rajaraja I and his son, Rajendra Chola were the two prominent rulers of this dynasty. Rajadhiraj Chola was the last great ruler of this dynasty.


Administration of the Cholas

The Chola system of administration was highly organised and efficient. The king was the pivot of administration and all the authority rested in his hands. He had a Council of Ministers to advise him. The Chola empire was divided into provinces and princes of the royal family were appointed as governors of provinces. Cholas believed in local self-government. Many a times the administration was carried out by the villagers themselves.