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Asiatic Cheetah and colonial forest policies - definition

The world's fastest land mammal, the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), is a unique and specialised member of the cat family and can move at the speed of 112 km./hr. The cheetah is often mistaken for a leopard. Prior to the 20th century, cheetahs were widely distributed throughout Africa and Asia. Today, the Asian cheetah is nearly extinct due to a decline of available habitat and prey. The species was declared extinct in India long back in 1952.

Colonial Forest Policies - definition

Colonial Forest Policies: Some of our environmental activists say that the promotion of a few favoured species, in many parts of India, has been carried through the ironically-termed enrichment plantation, in which a single commercially valuable species was extensively planted and other species eliminated. For instance, teak monoculture has damaged the natural forest in South India and Chir Pine plantations in the Himalayas have replaced the Himalayan oak and Rhododendron forests.

Trouble of Himalayan Yew - definition

The Himalayan Yew (Taxus wallichiana) is a medicinal plant found in various parts of Himachal Pradesh and Arunachal Pradesh. A chemical compound called taxol is extracted from the bark, needles, twigs and roots of this tree, and it has been successfully used to treat some cancers the drug is now the biggest selling anti-cancer drug in the world. The species is under great threat due to overexploitation.

Project Tiger - definition

Project Tiger was launched in 1973. Initially, it showed success as the tiger population went up to 4,002 in 1985 and 4,334 in 1989. But in1993, the population of the tiger had dropped to 3,600. There are 27 tiger reserves in India covering an area of 37,761 sq km Tiger conservation has been viewed not only as an effort to save an endangered species, but with equal importance as a means of preserving biotypes of sizeable magnitude.

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