Aldehydes, Ketones And Carboxylic Acids

- A simple way to visualize theories through diagrams.
1
Orbital diagram for the formation of carbonyl group
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2
Neutral (left) and dipolar (right) structures of carbonyl group
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3
Hydrogen bonding with water in lower members of carbonyl compounds
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4
Nucleophilic attack on carbonyl carbon in nucleophilic addition reactions
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5
Structure of carboxyl group
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6
Carboxylic acids as dimer in vapour phase/aprotic solvents
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7
Hydrogen bonding of carboxylic acids (lower members) with water
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