Previous Year Questions
12 min read

Digestion And Absorption

- A perfect bull's eye for exam practice.
1
Identify the correct statement with reference to human digestive system.
A
Serosa is the innermost layer of the alimentary canal.
B
IIeum is a highly coiled part.
C
Vermiform appendix arises from duodenum.
D
IIeum opens into small intestine.
2
Cuboidal epithelium with brush border of microvilli is found in:
A
Ducts of salivary glands
B
Proximal convoluted tubule of nephron
C
Eustachian tube
D
Lining of intestine
3
Match the following structures with their respective location in organs.
(a) Crypts of Lieberkuhn(i) Pancreas
(b) Glisson's Capsule(ii) Duodenum
(c) Islets of Langerhans(iii) Small intestine
(d) Brunner's Glands(iv) Liver
Select the correct option from the following.
A
(a)-(iii), (b)-(i), (c)-(ii), (d)-(iv)
B
(a)-(ii), (b)-(iv), (c)-(i), (d)-(iii)
C
(a)-(iii), (b)-(iv), (c)-(i), (d)-(ii)
D
(a)-(iii), (b)-(ii), (c)-(i), (d)-(iv)
4
Which of the following terms describe human dentition?
A
Pleurodont, monophyodont, homodont
B
Thecodont, diphydont, homodont
C
Pleurodont, diphyodont, heterodont
D
Thecodont, diphyodont, heterodont
5
Which of the following options best represents the enzyme composition of pancreatic juice?
A
Lipase, amylase, trypsinogen, procarboxypeptidase
B
Amylase, peptidase, trypsinogen, rennin
C
Amylase, pepsin, trypsinogen, maltase
D
Peptidase, amylase, pepsin, rennin
6
Which hormones stimulate the production of pancreatic juice and bicarbonate ions?
A
Cholecystokinin and secretin
B
Insulin and glucagon
C
Angiotensin and epinephrine
D
Gastrin and insulin
7
Which cells of 'Crypts of Lieberkuhn' secrete antibaterial lysozyme?
A
Paneth cells
B
Zymogen cells
C
Kupffer cells
D
Argentaffin cells
8
Match column I with column II and choose the correct
option.

Column

Column II
A
Goblet cells
1
Antibacterial agent
B
Lysozyme
2
Mucus
C
Saliva
3
HCI
D
Oxyntic cells
4
Sublingual gland
A
A - 3, B - 1, C - 4, D - 2
B
A - 1, B - 3, C - 4, D - 2
C
A - 2, B - 3, C - 1, D - 4
D
A - 4, B - 1, C - 2, D - 3
E
A - 2, B - 1, C - 4, D - 3
9
If for some reason our goblet cells are non-functional, this will adversely affect:
A
Smooth movement of food down the intestine.
B
Production of somatostatin.
C
Secretion of sebum from the sebaceous glands.
D
Maturation of sperms.
10
Cholecystokinin  is a secretion of:
A
Stomach, which stimulates the pancreas to release the pancreatic juice.
B
Liver, synthesized from cholesterol and controls secondary sexual characters.
C
Duodenum and makes the gallbladder contract and release bile.
D
Goblet cells of ileum and stimulates the secretion of succus entericus.
11
Match the type of cells with their secretions given under. Choose the answer which gives the correct combination of the alphabets of the two columns.
  List I (Type of cells)  List II (Secretions)
 A Peptic cells p Mucus
 B Oxyntic cells q Alkaline fluid
 C Goblet cells r Pro-enzymes
   s HCl
A
A- s, B- r, C- q,
B
A- q, B- p, C- s
C
A- r, B- s, C- p
D
A- s, B- p, C- q
12
Which of the following statements is not correct?
A
Oxyntic cells are present in the mucosa of stomach and secrete HCl.
B
Acini are present in the pancreas and secrete carboxypeptidase.
C
Brunner's glands are present in the submucosa of stomach and secrete pepsinogen.
D
Goblet cells are present in the mucosa of intestine and secrete mucus.