Common Misconceptions
4 min read

Forest And Wildlife Resources

- Clear the fog of misconceptions and get a clarity of concepts
1
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
Difference between National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary
National Park Wildlife Sanctuary
National parks provide protection to the entire ecosystem, that is, flora, fauna, landscape, etc. of that region The national parks not only conserve wildlife but also provide a diversion of environmental and landscape heritage in a manner that does not harm it, in order to provide enjoyment to future generations.
National parks are given a greater degree of protection, with human activity greatly restricted. Only certain areas can be visited and only activities permitted by the chief wildlife warden of the state are allowed in the park. In Wildlife sanctuaries, restrictions are relatively less and it is open to people.
Boundaries are clearly demarcated for the national parks. Boundaries of National Parks are not clearly specified

2
Biosphere Reserves and Tiger Reserves
Difference between Biosphere Reserve and Tiger Reserve
Biosphere Reserve Tiger Reserve
Biosphere reserves are large protected areas meant for the conservation of a variety of plants and animals, i.e. largely biodiversity of any area. A protected area statutorily designated for the conservation of the striped big cats is referred to as Tiger Reserve.
Biosphere reserves are large areas which may also go on to include National Parks, Wildlife sanctuaries and even Tiger reserves in them Tiger reserves are very small areas as compared to Biosphere reserves.
Biosphere reserves conserve the species, ecosystems, genetic diversities, and even landscapes without affecting the inhabitants. Tiger reserves are targeted towards the conservation efforts of Tigers only.
Biosphere reserves is a global/worldwide concept i.e. there are biosphere reserves all over the world Tiger reserves are very much restricted to very few countries where tigers are found.
3
Endangered and Vulnerable Species
Difference between Endangered Species and Vulnerable Species
Endangered Species Vulnerable Species
An endangered species is a population of organisms which is facing a high risk of becoming extinct because it is either few in numbers, or threatened by changing environmental or predation parameters A vulnerable species is one which is likely to become endangered unless the circumstances threatening its survival and reproduction improve.
The examples of such species are black buck, crocodile, Indian wild ass, Indian rhino, lion tailed macaque, sangai (brow anter deer in Manipur), etc. The examples of such species are blue sheep, Asiatic elephant, Gangetic dolphin, etc.
4
Endemic and Extinct Species
Difference between Endemic Species and Extinct Species
Endemic Species Extinct Species
These are species which are only found in some particular areas usually isolated by natural or geographical barriers. These are species which are not found after searches of known or likely areas where they may occur
Examples of such species are the Andaman teal, Nicobar pigeon, Andaman wild pig, mithun in Arunchal Pradesh. Examples of such species are the Asiatic cheetah, pink head duck.