Administrative Centres Under Chola Dynasty

During medieval period there were towns dedicated to specific purposes.

There were administrative towns, temple towns, commercial towns, port towns and many more.

For example Thanjavur, the capital of the Cholas was an administrative town of medieval India.

Let us discuss more about Thanjavur

Thanjavur was located on the banks Kaveri river.

The town had a Rajarajeshvara temple constructed by an architect Kunjaramallan Rajaraja Perunthachchan.

The name of the architect is carved on the temple wall.

Inside temple is a massive Shiva linga.

These temples has mandapas or pavilions for holding court for issuing orders to their subordinates.

These mandapas were used to organise King’s court for issuing orders to his subordinates.

The temples also consists of barracks for the army.

The town has markets full of vendors of grain, spices, cloth and jewellery.

The town gets its water supply from wells as well as tanks.

There was a weaving community called Saliya who belonged to Thanjavur and nearby town Uraiyur.

They produced cloth for flags to be used in the temple festival

They also produces fine cottons for the king and nobility and coarse cotton for the masses.

Few distance away, there is another village called Swamimalai.

In Swamimalai, sthapatis or sculptors made bronze idols, ornamental bell metal lamps, etc.

Revision

Thanjavur was the capital of Cholas. The Kaveri river flows near this beautiful city.

The Rajarajeshvara temple was built by king Rajaraja Chola

The name of the Kunjaramallan Rajaraja Perunthachchan is carved on the temple wall.

Temples includes mandapas or pavilions for holding court for issuing orders to their subordinates

Few distance away, at Swamimalai, sthapatis makes bronze idols, ornamental bell metal lamps, etc.

The End