Adverse Effects of Cyclone

Usually in rainy seasons we hear that a certain cyclone is approaching and leaving a coast.

Today let’s understand what cyclones are and how they are formed.

Cyclones are basically fast rotating winds. And these winds rotate inwards, that is towards the centre.

Cyclones are caused when a large mass of air spins around an area of low pressure. This mass of air becomes a violent windstorm.

They occur on warm tropical seas near the equator.

They spin in anti-clockwise direction in the northern hemisphere, And in clockwise direction in the southern hemisphere.

They can travel with high speeds ranging from 70kmph to 300kmph.

This makes cyclones very destructive. Now, let’s see what are the adverse effects of cyclones.

Since cyclones move at very high speeds, they cause strong winds to flow near the coastal regions.

These strong winds can rip trees from the ground and make buildings collapse.

A huge loss of human and animal life occurs due to the collapse of buildings.

Infrastructure will be damaged to a great extent. Power and communication lines will be broken.

These strong winds also push seawater onto the shore resulting in strong tides and a rise in sea level.

This abnormal rise of sea level results in the drowning of human and animal life in low-lying areas near the coast.

Coastal flooding occurs and coastal areas will face soil erosion and vegetation will be destroyed.

Cyclones also result in prolonged and heavy rains. Which will result in flooding of the low lying areas.

Infrastructure and natural wealth will be damaged during these times.

Epidemics and Viral diseases are widespread. Human and animal life will be in potential danger during such times.

Number of cyclones are increasing every year at an alarming rate.

And since India is a tropical country with a long coastal region, cyclones adversely affect us.


Cyclones are one of the major natural catastrophes. They are very dangerous and devastating.

They lead to high speed winds,coastal floods and heavy rainfall.

This puts the coastal region at risk. And lead to loss of life and property.

The End