Amazon forests are the biggest forests in the WORLD.
As human lungs help in respiration, Amazon forests absorb a large amount of carbon dioxide and give back oxygen to the Earth.
Therefore they are called LUNGS OF EARTH. The forest got its name from the RIVER AMAZON flowing through it.
Now let us learn more about the AMAZON RIVER.
The Amazon River flows through the equatorial region.
Many tributaries join the Amazon River.
The Amazon Basin covers portions of Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Columbia and parts of Venezuela.
Climatic Conditions in the Amazon Basin
Amazon basin has hot and wet climate throughout the year.
Days and night are equally hot and humid, skin feels sticky.
In daytime temperatures are high with very high humidity.
In the night the temperature drops but the humidity remains high.
Such climate changes occur because of the presence of the Rainforests.
Forests which receive very heavy rainfall and are filled with rich biodiversity are called rainforests.
Amazon rainforests are so thick that sunlight does not reach the ground easily.
Rainforests are home to many special birds and animals.
Birds such as Macaus and Paradise are found here.
Animals like monkeys, sloths, and Anteaters are found here.
Reptiles like Snakes and Crocodiles are also very common in this area.
Flesh-eating fishes like Piranha are also found in this river.
The Amazon river flows through the equatorial region.
Amazon Basin covers Brazil, Peru, Bolivia and Columbia.
Amazon basin has a hot and wet climate throughout the year.
In the daytime, the temperature is high and very humid.
In the nighttime, the temperature drops but the humidity remains the same.
Amazon river basin also has a very thick forest cover known as rainforests.
Rainforests are home to many types of animals, birds, reptiles, and fish.