An Overview of Physical features of India

It is believed that India is the most blessed land of the world as it has all the major physical features of Earth.

Let us all go on a journey to see those physical

India has a great combination of different physical features, which makes it special.

There are mountains in the north, while there are beaches in the south.

The various physical features make our country really beautiful.

Over the north of India, the Himalayas run in a west-east direction.

They represent some of the highest mountains in the world, and their heights are ever increasing!

The Himalayas are divided into ranges with Himadri being the largest of those.

The Himalayas are also divided on the basis of rivers, such as the Punjab Himalaya, Kashmir Himalaya etc.

Just below the Himalayas lie the northern plains- home to the most fertile land in India!

It is the work of magic of three major rivers- the Ganga, the Yamuna, and the Brahmaputra.

The younger deposits on the northern plains are called Khadar, and are most suited to agriculture.

The northern plains are not flat all over. According to the river flow, plains result in variable relief features, such as swamps.

Look further down, below the northern plains, and you will see the peninsular plateau!

It is a tableland which is composed of old rocks of different types.

We need to backtrack a little! Go back up, and turn to the left. Here you see the Indian desert!

With low rainfall and sand dunes, this area is scarce when it comes to water and fertility.

It covers a major part of Rajasthan, with Luni being the only large river flowing through the area.

Let us now move on to the coastal plains, formed by the ghats on either side of the Deccan plateau.

Eastern coastal plains of India is a huge are between eastern ghats and the Bay of bengal.

Western coastal plains and it’s beaches in Goa and Karnataka are very popular.

Many large rivers such as the Mahanadi and the Godavari flow through these plains.

Talking about coasts, the oceans, and water, one cannot forget India’s island groups!

The Lakshadweep islands that lie in the Arabian sea, close to Kerala.

Andaman and Nicobar islands lie in the Bay of Bengal, on the other side.


India contains almost all major physical features on the earth.

The Himalayas border India on the north, while oceans grace the southern coast.

The northern and coastal plains provide fertile land for agriculture and fishing to flourish.

The peninsular plateau protrudes into the Indian ocean with eastern and western ghats its two arms.

Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar are the two island groups of India which are the major tourist attraction.