Appointment of the Prime Minister
Narendra Modi can be called the most powerful man in India.
He is the Prime Minister of our country.
Prime Minister is the most important political institution in our country.
This importance is because India follows the Parliamentary system of governance.
This makes the Prime Minister the Head of State (country).
Yet there is no direct election to the post of the Prime Minister.
The President appoints the Prime Minister.
But the President cannot appoint anyone he/she likes.
He/She appoints the leader of the majority party or the coalition of parties that command a majority in the Lok Sabha.
In case no single party or alliance gets a majority, the President appoints the person most likely to secure a majority support.
The term of Prime Minister is 5 years in India, after which he can get re-elected.
He continues in power so long as he remains the leader of the majority party or coalition.
Let us see what happens after the appointment of the Prime Minister.
The President appoints other ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.
The Ministers are usually from the party or the coalition that has the majority in the Lok Sabha.
The Prime Minister is free to choose ministers, as long as they are members of Parliament.
Sometimes, a person who is not a member of Parliament can also become a minister.
But such a person has to get elected to one of the Houses of the Parliament within six months of appointment as minister.
Council of Ministers is the official name for the body that includes all the Ministers.
It usually has 60 to 80 Ministers of different ranks.
Powers are granted to the Prime Minister by the Constitution.
It does not tell a lot about the powers of the PM or the other Ministers and their relationship with each other.
But, as head of the government, the Prime Minister has wide ranging powers.
1.Prime Minister chairs Cabinet meetings.
2.He coordinates the work of different Departments of the Government.
3.His decisions are final in case disagreements arise between Departments.
4.He exercises general supervision over the different ministries.
5.All ministers work under his leadership.
6.The Prime Minister distributes and redistributes work to the ministers.
7.He also has the power to dismiss ministers.
8.When the Prime Minister quits, the entire ministry quits.
The Cabinet is the most powerful institution in India, within which, the Prime Minister is the most powerful.
The powers of the Prime Minister in all parliamentary democracies of the world have increased so much in recent decades.
And this has caused parliamentary democracies to sometimes be seen as Prime Ministerial form of government.
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India.
His daughter Indira Gandhi was the first women prime minister of India.
Narendra Modi is the current prime minister of India.