Basavanna’s Virashaivism

The society of 12th century Karnataka was spoiled by many bad practices.

There were caste restrictions, feudalism and Brahman dominance.

The Karnataka Brahmanical society of that time was centred on Shiva Bhakti.

Several persons rose against the Shaivite Brahmanical traditions of discrimination.

Among those people was Basavanna who founded Virashaivas movement.

Basavanna’s Virashaivism

The Virashaiva movement was initiated by Basavanna and his followers Allama Prabhu and Akkamahadevi.

This movement was a reaction of the Tamil bhakti movement and temple worship.

The Virashaivas considered Shiva as the Supreme God and they worshipped it through Linga. So they were also known as Lingayats.

Apart from this, they were also against the religious rituals and idol worship.

They were strongly against the construction of temples for idol worship.

They fought for the equality of all human beings and were against the caste system.

They also argued strongly about the poor treatment of women.

They wandered from place to place and spread the messages through their poems.

There are some sayings attributed to Basavanna.

Revision

The Virashaiva movement was initiated by Basavanna and his followers Allama Prabhu and Akkamahadevi.

This movement began in Karnataka during the 12th century as a reaction against the Tamil bhakti movement.

Virashaivas were against the idol worship and temple construction. They were followers of Shiva and worshipped it in the form of Linga.

They fought for the equality of all human beings and were against the caste system.

They also argued strongly about poor treatment against women.

They wandered from place to place and spread the messages through their poems.

The End