Beyond Regional Frontiers: The Story of Kathak

India has a rich heritage of classical dance forms.

These classical dance forms are not only famous in India but in the world.

One such very famous classical dance form is Kathak.

This dance form is mostly performed in north, west, and central India.

Let’s Study about The Story of Kathak

Kathak is derived from the Sanskrit word Katha that means story.

Kathak was performed by the caste of storytellers, Kathakas in temples of north India.

These Kathakas enriched their performances with different gestures and songs.

With the spread of Bhakti movement, the Kathak developed during 15th and 16th century.

The legends of Radha- Krishna were shown by folk plays called Rasalila.

The rasalila was a combination of folk dance along with the gestures of kathak storytellers.

The kathak was developed into a form of dance with a unique style under Mughals.

Further, it developed into two Gharana - Jaipur Gharana and Lucknow Gharana.

Under Nawab Wajid Ali Shah of Awadh, the kathak grew as a major art form.

Later, this dance form spread into other parts like Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.

Difficult and rapid footwork, fancy costumes and telling of the story was mostly focused in dance form.

The British administration did not support the development of Kathak.

But even after such opposition, it was survived and performed by courtesans.

Revision

Kathak is derived from the sanskrit word Katha that means story.

Kathak was performed by the caste of storytellers, Kathakas in temples of north India.

Kathak began to evolve with the spread of the bhakti movement. Rasa Lila was played, which combined folk dance with the basic gestures of the kathak story-tellers.

Under the Mughal emperors and their nobles, Kathak was performed in the court.

Later, It developed into two Gharana- Jaipur Gharana and Lucknow Gharana.

During the time of Wajid Ali Shah, the last Nawab of Awadh, it grew into a major art form.

Later, this dance form spread into other parts like Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.

The End