Building Temples, Mosques and Tanks

During medieval period there was large scale construction of temples, mosques and tanks.

Temples and mosques were beautifully constructed as they were the places to worship.

The temples also showed the power, wealth and devotion towards god.

The religious places built at that time were symbolic of the rulers ruling during that era.

Let's take example of Rajarajeshvara temple

It was built by King Rajarajadeva for the worship of his god, Rajarajeshvaram.

The name of the ruler and god was same as the ruler wanted to appear like a god.

The temple was a miniature model of the kingdom ruled by the king and his allies.

They worshipped their god together in the royal temples.

However, Muslim Sultans and Padshas did not claim to be personification of god.

Persian court chronicles described the Sultans as the “Shadow of God”

There is an inscription on Quwwat-al-Islam mosque about Alauddin Khilji.

The inscription says that God chose Alauddin as a king because he had the qualities of Moses and Solomon.

Moses and Solomon were the great lawmakers in Islam.

Rulers constructed places of worship to show their close relationship with God.

Rulers offered patronage to the learned people.

They tried to transform their capitals into cultural centers that brought fame to their rule.

It was believed that if the king’s rule was just, it would bring prosperity in the kingdom.

There won’t be any scarcity or crisis of food, coins, water and others.

Therefore water tanks and reservoirs were constructed by rulers in their kingdoms.

Sultan Iltutmish earned worldwide respect for constructing a large reservoir outside Delhi-i-Kunha.

Tanks and reservoirs were also constructed for use by ordinary people.

And sometimes these were part of a temple and mosques too.

Revision

Temples and mosques were beautifully constructed as they are places of worship.

Inscription on Rajarajeshvara temple mentions that the Rajeshvara temple was built by king Rajarajadeva.

The king took the name of god because he wanted to personify as god.

Muslim Sultans and Padshas did not claim to be type of god. They were declared as ‘Shadow of god’ by the records of the persian court.

The inscription on Quwwat-al-Islam says that God chose Alauddin as a king because he had the qualities of Moses and Solomon.

It was believed that if the king’s rule was just, it would bring prosperity in the kingdom.

Tanks and reservoirs were also constructed by the rulers for use of ordinary people.

The End