Causes of Failure of Revolt
Revolt of 1857 was the first large scale movement of Indians against the British empire.
It is also known as the First War of Independence.
But this revolt did not get the expected success and was suppressed brutally by the British army.
There were many reasons for the failure of this revolt.
Let us look at some of the causes that led to the Failure of Revolt of 1857
There was no unity among Indian rulers as everybody was fighting for their own kingdom but not for India.
British stopped all the ways of communications so it was very difficult for Indian rulers to coordinate with each other.
The revolt was not properly planned and organized, this also led to the failure.
There was a lack of leadership as Bahadur Shah Zafar was very old and the revolt needed a better leader.
Bahadur Shah Zafar was very old and the revolt needed a better leader.
Many Indian rulers like Sindhias, Gorkhas, Rajputs were supporting the British but not Indians.
The weapons used by the British were modern and advanced but Indian weapons were old and outdated.
Let us see how British suppressed the revolt
The East India Company got scared by the rage of the revolt. They decided to put an end to it.
The company brought more soldiers from England to fight against the people participating in the revolt.
They put people behind the bars and attacked the regions where the crowd was most active.
They captured Delhi and put Bahadur Shah Zafar and his wife, Zinat Mahal in jail.
Later Bahadur Shah Zafar was sent to Rangoon where he died in 1862.
In order to teach the people a lesson, the sons of Bahadur Shah Zafar were killed before his eyes.
Rani Laxmibai died fighting British in 1858 and Tatya Tope had to fled away.
Lucknow and Kanpur were also captured and Nana Saheb and Begum Hazrat Mahal fled to Nepal.
Tatya Tope was also captured and later he was hanged in Shivpuri in 1859.
Britishers gave rebellions safety and claims of land if they stopped to rebel and submitted to the British rule.
This altogether put an end to the revolt of 1857.
Let us Revise!
Revolt of 1857 was the first large scale rebellion of Indians against the British. But this was not as successful as it was expected.
The British rule took many steps including killing the rebellions and capturing the main leaders.
Lack of unity, leadership, modern weapons, communication, and support from Indian rulers became the major reasons for the failure.