Caustic Soda

Caustic soda is a very commonly used inorganic compound in the industries.

It is the main constituent in the manufacture of paper, textiles, soaps, detergents etc.

The scientific formula of Caustic Soda is NaOH (called as Sodium Hydroxide).

Since, the compound contains only Sodium, Hydrogen, and Oxygen (no carbon) it is an inorganic compound.

It is also known to have a strongly basic nature, that is why it is corrosive to the skin.

So let us now see how caustic soda is prepared

It is prepared by the electrolysis of Brine( conc. Sodium chloride solution )

We get Caustic soda, chlorine gas and hydrogen gas as the product of electrolysis of brine.

These products of electrolysis have several important uses.

Hydrogen gas is used as fuel and to make products like Margarine and ammonia for fertilizers.

Chlorine gas kills germs so it is used in water treatment.

It is also used in manufacturing of ( polyvinyl chloride ) and ( chloroflorocarbon ).

is used for de-greasing metals and in the manufacturing of soaps and detergents.

It is also used in the manufacturing of paper, common salt and artificial fibres.

Revision

Caustic soda is an inorganic compound with chemical formula .

It is manufactured by the electrolysis of brine.

It is used in the manufacturing of soaps, common salt, detergents, papers and artificial fibres.

The End