Conservation of Biodiversity
To maintain a balance between the usage and the rate of restoration of resources there is a need to conserve biodiversity on Earth
Let’s first find out why we need to conserve biodiversity
Biodiversity can be conserved based on the three factors mainly Narrowly Utilitarian Reasons, Broadly Utilitarian Reasons and Ethical Reasons
Let’s look at the Narrowly Utilitarian Reasons
Narrowly Utilitarian Reasons include the direct resources that we get from plants and animals that make up biodiversity
Some of these resources are food, fats and oils, fibres, timber, firewood, paper, medicines and industrial products.
Woodcutting in forests is a major narrow utilitarian resource.
Another important resource that we derive from plants is medicines. About 25000 species of plants are used as traditional medicines.
Let’s look at the Broadly Utilitarian Reasons
Broadly utilitarian reasons are about the various ecological benefits that biodiversity provides
Amazon, a classic example of incredible biodiversity provides around 20% of total oxygen on earth.
Though fast-dwindling, Amazon rainforests are important for earth’s climate.
Biodiversity also provides us with oxygen and helps in regulating climatic conditions.
Biodiversity is also responsible for other environmental processes such as protecting soil against erosion and keeping pests under control.
These reasons are larger than economy or industries. That’s why they’re regarded as broadly utilitarian reasons.
Let’s now look at the Ethical Reasons
Humans share the planet with a million other species of plants, animals, and microbes.
There are various ethical reasons as to why we need to conserve biodiversity.
Ethical reasons include passing a rich bank of biological resources to future generations.
It maintains a balance between the ecological processes and life support systems
Another reason is to preserve the variety of diverse genetic species across the world.
This will ensure regular supply of raw materials to the industries.
Let’s look at methods of biodiversity conservation
The first method is to have control over the exploitation of plant and animal species.
The second method is to protect these species by the construction of reserves.
These include zoos, parks, sanctuaries and biosphere reserves for their protection.
The third and most effective method is to protect them through laws and legislation
Conserving Biodiversity refers to judicious use of resources that ensure a balance between its use and production.
There are three main needs to conserve biodiversity. These are Narrow Utilitarian, Broad Utilitarian and Ethical Reasons.
Methods of protecting biodiversity include controlled usage of resources, establishing protected areas and protection through laws.