Crafts in Towns

There is not everything that machines can make.

Look at the design of this vase and bangle. The beautiful design on it could not be created by any machine.

Only skilled persons who know the technique could do it.

These skilled persons are known as craftsmen.

In earlier times, where there were no machines or technology, a society could not be imagined without craftsmen.

Craftsmen were needed for weaving clothes, constructing buildings and making pottery.

Let us take the example of medieval towns and try to understand the importance of crafts

There was a medieval town called Bidar (present-day Karnataka).

The craftspersons of Bidar were very famous for their designing work on copper and silver.

So that kind of designing pattern came to be known as Bidri.

Apart from this, there were communities like Panchalas or Vishwakarma.

These communities include goldsmiths, bronze-smiths, blacksmiths, masons, and carpenters.

They constructed palaces, buildings, tanks, and reservoirs.

There was another community called Saliyar or Kaikkolars.

The saliyar communities were weavers and often donated their earnings to the temples.

In later years, every process of cloth making became a specialised craft.

Cotton cleaning




Middle ages crafts were not hobbies or demonstration of art, but they are trades studied by skilled craftsmen.

Craftsmen of Bidar are famous for their inlay work in copper and silver and this work was known as Bidri.

The Panchalas or Vishwakarma communities were involved in the construction of palaces, buildings, tanks, and reservoirs.

Weavers such as Saliyar or Kaikkolars emerged as prosperous communities, and they donated their earnings to the temples.

The process of cloth making involves cotton cleaning, spinning and dyeing, which became specialised and independent crafts.

The End