Cultural and Educational Right

India is a vast and diverse country.

We have different races, languages, cultures and castes etc.

Indian people are united by race, language, literature, history, religion,etc.

In such a diverse country there are minorities as well.

It is important to protect the interests and identities of these minorities.

Cultural and educational rights means the rights of all sections of society that saves their culture, script or language.

They also have the right to constitutional remedies for enforcing this Fundamental Right.

Let us know more about the laws containing these rights.

In our indian constitution, the cultural and educational rights are preserved under Articles 29 & 30.

Article 30 of Indian Constitution states that minority communities have right to start and run educational institutions.

The state shall not discriminate on the grounds of religion or language in providing education.

It also states that no citizen shall be deprived of admission into any educational institution on grounds of race, caste, language, etc.

Admission to any government educational institution or receiving government aid cannot be denied to any citizen on the ground of religion or language.

All minorities have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

Any section of citizens with a distinct language or culture have a right to conserve it.

Let us now look deeper at why these rights are necessary.

They preserve the right of any section of citizen to conserve their culture, language or script, and right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

Educational rights are considered most important for the success of democracy and democratic institutions.

These rights are guaranteed under Article 29 and 30.

These are one of our six fundamental rights that are guaranteed to us.

As India is a country of many languages, cultures and religions, The Indian Constitution provide these Educational and Cultural right to us.

1.In cultural and Educational Rights one can practice and preserve his /her own culture without being checked or disturbed.

2. He can study anywhere in the world according to his ability.

3. One can practice one's own profession without being controlled by others.

4. One can promote one's culture all around the country and the country without fear.

5. One can challenge the court if one feels that his/her Culture is being endangered.

Let us look at the divide of majority and minority groups.

In some places people speaking a particular language are in majority; people speaking a different language are in a minority.

Example: Telugu speaking people form a majority in Andhra Pradesh.

But they are a minority in the neighbouring State of Karnataka.

Example: Sikhs are a majority in Punjab.

But they are a minority in Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi.

Let us look at the provisions made for minorities.

1.Any section of citizens with a distinct language or culture have a right to conserve it.

2.Admission to any government educational institution or receiving government aid cannot be denied to any citizen on the grounds of religion or language.

3.All minorities have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

Here, minority does not mean only religious minority at the national level.

Thus, cultural and educational rights are basic human rights given to individuals.

These rights help them protect their liberty, get equality and live freely.

THE END