Candy floss

We all enjoy eating candy floss.

The way sugar syrup swirls in the machine is also very interesting to see.

Now imagine the same kind of swirling of water in the Ocean.

This swirling of water is caused by winds and we call it a cyclone.

So a cyclone refers to a large group of winds rotating inwards that occur on the ocean water.

Cyclone occurs in the low-pressure area created due to the high temperature.

The direction of the cyclone is not the same in both the hemispheres.

Cyclones rotate anti-clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in Southern Hemisphere.

A super cyclone-hit Odisha in India on 29 October 1999, which destroyed a large portion of the state.

Let us see this cyclone and the destruction caused by it

This cyclone travelled to the Odisha coast after its origin on the gulf of Thailand, near Port Blair on 25 October 1999.

The destruction caused by this cyclone was mainly due to three factors: Wind, Rain, and waves.

The winds went up to 260 km/hr and lasted over 36 hours.

These high-velocity winds destroyed many buildings and uprooted many trees.

Power supply and telecom lines were destroyed completely.

Heavy rains occurred due to cyclone for 3 days continuously, which caused flooding of rivers in Odisha.

The cyclone winds caused tidal waves that came 20km inland and brought massive destruction.

The cyclone swept the entire coast of Odisha including the cities of Bhubaneshwar and Cuttack and 28 Coastal Towns.

As a result, the Mangrove forests between the coast of Paradeep and Konark in Odisha disappeared.

Many animals like buffaloes were killed, and agricultural lands became salty and turned unfit for farming.

Due to these damages caused by the cyclone, around 13 million people's lives were affected.

Revision

A cyclone refers to any low-pressure area with winds rotating inwards on the ocean water.

Cyclones rotate clockwise in Southern Hemisphere and anti-clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere.

A Super cyclone hit Odisha on 29 October 1999. It caused massive destruction due to heavy winds, rain, and waves.

Mangrove forests, animals and agriculture lands were damaged or destroyed.

Around 13 million people's lives were affected due to this cyclone.

The End