Dandi March

When we don’t get what we want, we generally protest

We shout ,we fight and do anything to get what we want

This same situation has appeared many times in the pages of history

And when we turn our pages of history, we find a lots of protest which led us to independence

One such protest was the Dandi march

This was the period before independence in India

When Indians were ill-treated under the rule of British

British used to limit Indians and loot them as much as possible

One such basic limitation that British imposed on India was production of salt

In 1882, British introduced Salt Act, which limited Indians from producing and selling salt

So, all the salt was imported and sold to Indians

Poor people suffered because of this act, but they still needed salt

MK Gandhi found it necessary to abolish the salt act

So, Gandhi sent a list of 11 clauses, on 31 January 1930

It included abolishment of Salt act. This was sent to Viceroy Irwin

It also mentioned that, Congress would launch a civil disobedience movement

Civil disobedience means refusing to follow the laws of the state

Irwin didn’t fulfil Gandhi’s clauses,following which...

Gandhi with a few dozen volunteers started a march on 12 March,1930

From Ahmedabad to Dandi ,a town on coast of Arabian sea, they marched for 240 miles

Thousands of people joined them, as Gandhi led them

By 5 April, they reached Dandi and manufactured salt using sea water

They broke the law, starting the civil disobedience movement

This movement spread throughout the country

People were making salt in coastal cities of Mumbai and Karachi

Along with disobeying salt law, people were also encouraged to break more laws

People avoided foreign clothes, paying taxes, officials started resigning etc.

The situation was going out of hand,so..

British forces arrested Congress leaders and on May 5, they arrested Gandhi also.

This resulted in violent uprisings in various parts of India

British adopted a violent path, to get the situation under control

They attacked and arrested thousands of people

On January 1931, they released M.K Gandhi from prison.

He noticed that the movement had turned violent

He met Viceroy Irwin and called off the movement on 5 March 1931.

In exchange for calling off the civil disobedience movement

Congress got a chance of negotiation at The Round Table conference in London

They discussed future policies of India

Along with that, Viceroy Irwin agreed to release all the political prisoners

The main objective of the conference was to remove the tax on salt.

Viceroy Irwin removed the salt tax

Indians could produce and trade salt legally

The end.