Demagnetization of Magnets
There are several methods to magnetize and demagnetize the objects.
The magnetization is the process by which a magnetic substance attains magnetism permanently or temporarily.
These are the process of magnetization of a magnetic substance.
Demagnetization is the process of removing the magnetic property of a magnet.
These are the process of demagnetization of a magnet.
Now, we are interested to know the process of demagnetization of a magnet.
Let's discuss the Demagnetization of Magnets.
As the demagnetization is the process of removing the magnetic property of a magnet.
And there are several processes to demagnetize the magnets.
Let's take one by one and discuss.
Hammering is the process to demagnetize the magnets.
If we hit a magnet by the hammer continuously for some time. Then. magnet loses its magnetic property.
Because, when we do the hammering, it will destroy the alignment of the north and south pole of the magnet.
And due to the disturbance in the alignment of the north and south pole of the magnet, it loses its magnetic property.
Now, another process of doing the demagnetization of the magnet is heating the magnets.
A magnet loses its magnetism if it is heated above a certain temperature.
And that point of a certain temperature is called curie point of that material.
The Curie point of the different metal is different. like,
And when we do the heating of magnet, the electrons are no longer as well lined up.
Due to which the magnetism of the whole magnet decreases.
The next process to demagnetize a magnet is applying AC in the electromagnetic field.
Suppose we have a magnetized bar, which is to be demagnetized, inside an insulated long copper wire in the east-west direction.
And the copper wire is connected to the AC regulator.
Now, we switch ON the circuit, then the current is slowly reduced to zero.
The magnet loses its magnetism as alternating current changes direction continuously.
This change in direction of current disturbs the alignment of molecular magnets, resulting in demagnetization.
Hence, these are the few methods to demagnetize the magnets.
The demagnetization is a process of removing the magnetic property of a magnet.
When we hit a substance by hammer continuously, it loses its magnetic properties.
Heating is also a process to demagnetize the substance.
By passing alternating current through a magnetized bar, we can demagnetize the substance.