Components of Ecosystem

Everything available in our environment can be categorized as living or non-living.

Living things are dependent on each other and other non-living things for their survival.

Living things are called biotic components, and non-living things are called abiotic components.

Let us discuss Biotic Components and Abiotic Components

Biotic Components

A biotic component can be any living thing that affects another organism and shapes the ecosystem.

Biotic Components are further divided into 3 types: Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers.


Producers use the energy and nutrients available in the ecosystem and turn it into food.

For example, plants use sunlight energy and nutrients present in the ecosystem and produce food.

Producers are also known as Autotrophs.


Consumers depend on producers for food, as they cannot produce their own food.

Humans and animals are perfect examples of Consumers.

Consumers are also known as heterotrophs.


Decomposers feed on the dead and other waste in the ecosystem and help in cleaning it.

Examples of decomposers are bacteria and fungi.

Decomposers are also known as detritivores.

Now we will see another component of the Ecosystem which is exactly opposite to Biotic.

Abiotic Components

Abiotic components do not have a life like the biotic components. Examples are land and air.

But abiotic components help in the survival of biotic components.

For example, Land gives a place to live and air helps in the breathing of biotic components.

This relation between biotic and abiotic components and their surroundings makes the ecosystem.

Some of the ecosystems are large rain forests, grasslands, deserts, mountains, lakes, rivers, and oceans.


The ecosystem has two types of components: Biotic and Abiotic Components.

Biotic Components are living things that affect other organisms and shape the ecosystem.

Biotic components include all living things like plants, animals, and humans.

Producers are known as autotrophs, they convert energy into food.

Consumers are known as heterotrophs, they cannot make food on their own and depend on producers.

Decomposers are also known as Detritivores, they break down chemicals into a simple form for use.

Abiotic components include all the non-living things in the environment.

This relation between biotic and abiotic components and their surroundings makes the ecosystem.

Rainforests, grasslands, deserts, mountains, and lakes are a few major ecosystems.

The End