Socio-religious reform movements

Nationalism comes with the feeling of self- respect, self- confidence, and self-reliance.

These feelings among Indians were developed by the social reformers of our country.

These reformers were Raja Rammohan Roy, Swami Dayanand, Jyotiba Phule, Swami Vivekanand, Annie Besant etc.

In modern India, the credit for introducing religious and social reforms goes to Raja Rammohan Roy (1772–1833).

He laid the foundation of Brahmo Samaj for the improvement of Indian religion and society in 1828.

He worked towards abolition of Sati System.

Lord William Bentinck abolished the Sati –System because of Ram Mohan Roy's efforts and declared it a legal offence in 1829.

He also promoted remarriage of widows, as otherwise, it would be meaningless to abolish sati system.

Raja Rammohan Roy was called the “Father of Indian Nationalism”.

Another reformer Jyotiba Phule (1827–1890) also did some great work to uplift depressed classes of the society.

He laid the foundation of the Satyashodhak Samaj in 1873 to work for the betterment of the depressed class.

He opened schools for the downtrodden and published many books such as “The tales of Untouchables”.

For his great work he has been rightly called Mahatma Jyotiba Phule.

Apart from social reformers Press also played a great role

The Indian press also helped in arousing the feelings of patriotism and national consciousness India.

Many newspapers were published in different parts of country.

Some of these were Amrit Bazar Patrika, The Hindu, the Patriot, the Maratha, the Kesari, etc.

They criticized the government's unjust policies and influenced political and patriotic sentiments among the people.

Tilak's Weekly Kesari and Mahratta brought out the pride of Indians for their country.

Writings of Tagore, Bhartendu Harish Chandra, Din Bandhu Mitra etc. also inspired many Indians for their motherland.

B.C. Chatterji’s Bengali novel ‘ Anandmath’ had the song ‘Bande Matram’ which greatly inspired the people.

Revision

Social reformers inspired people with ideas of self-respect, confidence and the spirit of patriotism and nationalism.

The credit for introducing religious and social reforms in modern India goes to Raja Rammohan Roy (1772–1833).

Raja Rammohan Roy laid the foundation of Brahmo Samaj for the improvement of Indian religion and society.

Lord William Bentinck abolished the Sati –System on the assertion of Ram Mohan Roy and declared it a legal offence in 1829.

Another reformer Jyotiba Phule (1827–1890) did great work for the upliftment of depressed classes.

He laid the foundation of the Satyashodhak Samaj in 1873 to work for the betterment of the depressed class.

He worked for the downtrodden section of society and opened many schools.

Newspapers like Amrit Bazar Patrika, Kesari, Mahratta also played a great role in national awakening.

The End