Foundation of Indian National Congress

There was a lot of racial discrimination and unjust administration by the British in India.

This led to anger and frustration among Indians.

Indians wanted to do something to come out of this miserable condition.

So, many local political organizations started coming together to provide an all India platform.

This all-India platform was to act as a common platform for meeting nationalists and building a common program of activity.

The work of this organization was also to make people aware about the need of freedom struggle.

The Indian leaders started moving towards the formation of an all India political body.

A retired ICS officer Allan Octavian Hume (A O Hume) supported the birth of Indian National Congress.

He is considered as the ‘Father of the Indian National Congress’.

Indian National Congress was established on December 28, 1885, in Mumbai.

Immediate Objectives of the Indian National Congress

The first session of the Indian national Congress was held in Bombay in December 1885.

The first session was headed by WC Banerjee and the session was attended by 72 delegates.

These delegates included stalwarts like Dadabhai Naoroji, Ferozeshah Mehta, Katie Telang, Badruddin Tyabji among others.

WC Banerjee in his presidential speech declared the four objectives of the Indian National Congress.

The first objective was to promote friendly relations between national political activists.

The second objective was to develop and consolidate feelings of national unity.

This unity should exist irrespective of religious beliefs, colours or creeds.

The third objective was to formulate popular demands and place them before the government.

To train and organize the public opinion of the country was its fourth objective.

The Congress held its session in a big city in December every year to chalk out a programme to achieve its aims.

The second session of Congress was held in 1886 at Kolkata under the presidentship of Dadabhai Naoroji.

Revision

Need for an all India organisation was felt in the second half of 19th century.

Allan Octavian Hume, a retired member of the ICS, helped in the birth of the Indian National Congress.

The first session of the Indian national Congress was held in Bombay in December 1885.

The first session was headed by WC Banerjee and the session was attended by 72 delegates.

The first objective was to promote friendly relations between national political activists from different parts of the country.

The second objective was to develop and consolidate feelings of national unity.

The third objective was to formulate popular demands and place them before the government.

To train and organize the public opinion of the country was the fourth objective.

The second session of Congress was held in 1886 at Kolkata under the presidentship of Dadabhai Naoroji.

The End