Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
If we want to zoom in and carefully indentify a specific property of any topic we are reading.
And we identify the specific property of one aspect of that topic in extreme detail.
Then we automatically lose ability to measure the other aspect of that topic at the same time we are reading.
The closer we focus on one aspect of a thing.
The more access we lose to information about other aspect of the same thing at the same time.
The uncertainity of other aspects when considering any particular aspect of something at the same time is given by Heisenberg.
And the principle given by Heisenberg is Heisenberg Uncertainity Principle.
Let's discuss more about Heisenberg Uncertainity Principle.
The position
$Δx$
and velocity
$Δv$
cannot both be measured exactly at the same time, even in theory.
This is uncertain to measure the position and velocity of a object at the same time , we say it Heisenberg Uncertainity Principle.
The concept of position and velocity together have no meaning in nature.
Now lets discuss more about Heisenberg Uncertainity principle through an example.
Suppose we have a block of mass M placed at x=0 at one end and x=l at other end. where x represent distance and l is a constant.
Now let we apply some force F and it achieves some velocity v” and next position x=l and x=2l respectively both end of the block.
Now by using mass and force of the block we can measure the position or velocity V” of the block.
But this measurement is not applicable for microscopic world, where particle can not visible to our naked eyes.
Now let’s consider an electron
$e_{−}$
which belongs to the microscopic world.
When we will just try to find the velocity of that electron, its position will change.
Or when we will just try to find the position
$Δx$
of that electron, its velocity
$Δv$
will change.
If the position
$Δx$
is more inaccurate, its velocity
$Δv$
will more accurate.
At any point of time, the product of the uncertainity of
$Δx$
and
$Δv$
is remains constant.
The relation between
$Δx$
and
$Δv$
is given as:, we say it Heisenberg Uncertainity Principle..
Where,
$Δp$
is the product of mass m of a electron and
$Δv$
, we say it momentum.
Revision
The uncertainity of other aspects when considering any particular aspect of something at the same time is given by Heisenberg.
The relation between
$Δx$
and
$Δx$
is called Heisenberg Uncertainity Principle..
At any point of time the product of the uncertainity of
$Δx$
and
$Δv$
is remains constant.
The End