Identify the position of an adjective from a noun or gerund, including nationality

My friend and me got a superb idea to spend our holiday.

We decided to watch an amazing new movie.

The words highlighted in passage are called adjectives.

We would now learn what adjectives are and how we place them from the noun or gerund.

First let us see what adjectives are.

Adjectives tell us something about a person or a thing.

Nice is describing the thing ‘ car’, so it is an adjective.

‘Clever’ is an adjective as it is describing the person ‘Kamlesh’.

Now we will learn where to place adjectives in a sentence.

Adjectives are usually placed before the nouns they are describing. This is called attributive position.

Let us learn more about this with the help of examples.

Round is an adjective placed before the noun, table. ‘Round’ is describing the structure of the table.

Beautiful is the adjective placed before the noun, peacock.

But, there are few adjectives that can be placed only before the noun.

Adjectives like absolute, complete, perfect can only be used before nouns. ‘Perfect’ is placed before the noun ’chef’.

In case we have two or more adjectives, they can be placed both before and after the noun.

Here are interesting examples.

Groom is the noun but the adjectives handsome, polite and smart are placed after the noun.

Sentence given in the image could also be written as: The day was humid and hot. Humid and Hot are adjectives.

Now, there are a few adjectives can also be mentioned without the nouns. Interesting!

Let us see an example.

We use the expression ‘the + adjective’ to describe a group of people.

For example: Instead of writing ‘rich people’, we may skip the noun ‘people’ and use adjective ‘rich’ with ‘the’.

The rich are getting richer.

Similarly, ‘Spanish’ is a nationality and an adjective. It can be used without the noun.

We all love the Spanish cuisine.

We place adjectives before gerunds.

First let’s see what a gerund is.

Gerund is a verbal noun. They are words formed with verbs but they act as a noun. It stands alone in a sentence. They usually end with ‘ing’.

Common examples of Gerund are Walking, Running, Hiking, Sleeping, Working, Cycling

‘Reading’ is Gerund here. Adjective easy’ is used before the gerund.

‘Brisk’ walking is a good exercise. Adjective ‘brisk’ used before gerund ‘walking’.

Revision

Adjectives describe something about a person or a thing.

Adjectives describe something about a person or a thing.

We have seen how different adjectives could be used before the noun and few which are used after the noun.

Gerund is a verbal noun. They are words formed with verbs but they act as a noun. It stands alone in a sentence. They usually end with ‘ing’.

Gerunds are used after the adjective.

The End!