Identifying the attributive and Predicative positions of an adjective and identifying position of an adjective phrase.

We all know the famous story of a rabbit and tortoise where a rabbit challenged a tortoise to a race.

The cunning rabbit thought he could easily defeat the slow tortoise.

But at the end, the clever tortoise defeated the proud and lazy rabbit.

The words highlighted in the passage are describing rabbit and tortoise.

Such words that are used to describe person or things are called adjectives.

Adjectives describe something about a person or a thing.

Let us see a few examples of adjectives.

‘Good’ and ‘excellent’ are describing the noun ‘Neeta’.

‘busy’ is an adjective as it is describing the noun ’doctor’.

Now we will learn where we can place adjectives in a sentence.

There are two positions where an adjective can be placed.

Beginning with Attributive position

When an adjective is placed before the noun, they are said to be in attributive position.

The adjective ‘thirsty’ is placed before the noun ‘crow’.

Similarly, in this example, the adjectives ‘fantastic’ and ‘small’ are placed before the nouns ‘idea’ and ‘pebbles’ respectively.

Now let’s move to predicative position.

When an adjective is used after the noun, they are in the predicative position.

These adjectives are not directly used after noun but they follow a verb.

Here are some interesting examples.

In this example, adjective ‘expensive’ is placed after the noun ‘shoes’ but only after the verb ‘look’.

Similarly, adjective ‘quite’ is used after the pronoun ‘I’ and a verb ‘am’.

Let us take an example where same adjective is used at both the positions.

The adjective ‘certain’ is before the noun ‘truth’ in the first sentence and after the noun ‘boss’ in the second.

At times, a group of words can be used to describe the noun or pronoun in the sentence.

This group of words is called an adjective phrase.

An adjective phrase can be a very helpful grammar tool to describe the subject of the sentence. It is placed immediately after the noun.

Here is an example of an adjective phrase.

Here, ‘as pretty as a barbie’ and ‘as smart as Yoda’ are adjective phrases describing the girl. ‘pretty’ and ‘smart’ are adjectives here.

Likewise, here ‘dress’ is the noun followed by the adjective phrase ‘very expensive but extremely beautiful’.

Just as we see here as well, ‘Picture’ is the noun followed by the adjective phrase ‘lemony yellow’.

Adjective phrases can be used in place of an adjective to describe the noun.

In sentence 1, ‘angry’ is an adjective used before the noun ‘dog’ and in sentence 2 adjective phrase is used after the noun.

So, we see how an adjective angry can be also be used as an adjective phrase in the second sentence.

Revision

Adjectives describe something about a person or a thing.

Adjectives placed before the noun are said to be in ‘Attributive Position’ and those placed after the noun are said to be in ‘Predicative Position’.

Predicative adjectives do not come immediately after the noun. Instead, they follow a verb.

A group of words describing the noun is called an adjective phrase.

Adjective phrases are placed after the noun.

The End