Identifying the persons of the verb
Just as nouns and pronouns may relate to different persons and numbers, verbs can too!
We know that verbs are the action words in a sentence that describe what the subject is doing.
A verb must agree with its subject in Number and Person.
Verbs have two numbers (singular and plural)...
...and Three Persons- first person, second person and third person.
Let's identify the persons of verbs in this story.
The use of First person verb is pretty simple.
The First person denotes the speaker.
When we talk about ourselves, and the things that happen to us, we speak in the first person..
First person is the I/we perspective.
For example, “I think I lost my wallet!”
Let's see the transformation of verbs with relation to tense, number, person of the subject etc.
Just for your knowledge, the change that happens to verbs with the change in tense or person of the subject is known as conjugation.
Let's understand how verbs conjugate based on persons.
In English, conjugation for “person” refers to the subject, which can be a noun or pronoun.
Let’s take a look at the conjugation of the verb “BE.” In first person present tense, it is “I am, we are.”
In first person past tense, the verb is conjugated as “I was, we were.”
In the sentence, “We are drinking coffee,” ‘are’ is the first person present tense verb.
Let’s conjugate the verb LIVE. In the first person present tense, it is “I live, We live.”
In first person present continuous, the verb is conjugated as “I am living, We are living.”
In first person past tense, it becomes “We lived.”
In another example...
In the sentence- “Me and my friends went to a Movie,” the verb ‘go’ is conjugated as ‘went’ for the first person.
Let’s identify the use of Second person verbs.
The second person denotes the person spoken to.
The second-person point of view belongs to the person (or people) being addressed. This is the “you” perspective.
Let's understand how verbs conjugate based on second persons.
For conjugating the verb BE in second person present tense, we say- “You are..”
In second person past tense, we say- “You were..”
Let’s look at the conjugation of the verb GO. In Second person present tense, it is “You go.”
In Second person continuous, it is “You are going.”
In Second person past tense, it is “You went.”
Let’s identify the use of Third person verbs.
The third person denotes the person or thing spoken of.
The third-person point of view belongs to the person (or people) being talked about.
Let's understand how verbs conjugate based on third persons.
Let’s conjugate the verb BE in the third person. In Third person present tense, it is “She is , They are.”
In Third person past tense, it is “It was, They were.”
Let’s look at the conjugation of the verb WALK. In Third person present tense, it is “She walks, They walk.”
Notice that for the third person subject, ‘s/es’ is added in case of the singular number (she walks). For the plural number, there’s no such addition at the end (They walk).
In Third person continuous, it is “She is walking.”
In Third person past tense, it is “He walked.”
So, now we have a fair understanding of how verbs conjugate with tense and the person of a subject.
It’s time for a Quick RECAP
Verb is a word used to describe an action, state, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence.
“Person” refers to the person (or thing) that is a subject or object. it can be of three types : First, Second and Third.
In this part of the story, we walked through some simple examples to identify the usage of the 3 persons of verb.