Identifying verbs with compound subject
Just as Mom groups clothes for neat washing, words are grouped for neat functioning.
Verbs are the ‘doing’ words that show the action or state-of-being of the subject of the sentence.
Subject of a sentence is the noun or pronoun doing the activity of the verb.
A simple sentence may contain two or more subjects.
When a sentence has two or more subjects, it is called a compound subject.
Let’s look at this with an example.
Here, the sentence contains a compound subject (Doraemon/ Nobita) and the verb ‘are playing’.
Notice that although the verb is plural (were playing), there’s only one instance of the verb. This means that the sentence has a simple verb.
A sentence may contain more than one verb. But let’s focus on simple verbs for the moment. Let’s look at another example.
The compound subject is ‘candles/ matches’ and the verb is ‘caused’.
There’s an important rule that we must follow here.
One of the basic guidelines of grammar is that the verb used should be in line with the subject. We say that the verb should ‘agree’ with the subject.
Compound subject will always go with a plural verb.
For example, in the sentence “Amit and Meena are going to school,” the compound subject ‘Amit/ Meena’ will be paired with the plural verb ‘are going’.
If we use a singular verb here, the sentence will be grammatically incorrect.
When a sentence has two or more subjects, that's called a compound subject.
A compound subject can be used with a simple verb.
The plural subjects generally use plural verbs.