Importance of Directive Principles of State Policy and Welfare State
We have heard about theme parks or Restaurants
These parks or restaurant follow certain themes and maintain it.
Similarly when the government is making laws or change in the governance, certain theme is followed.
This theme is a set of principles or ideas.
They are known as Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP).
DPSP is what the government keeps in mind while forming policies and making laws.
These are constitutional instructions or recommendations to the government.
Let us look at the objectives of DPSP.
The short term purpose of the directive principles is to fix economic as well as social goals for immediate attainment.
They help the government decide the goals to be set by level of priority.
So, this is done by bringing the nonviolent social revolution.
Social revolution is nothing but bringing about changes in social policy and environment with mass support of the people.
This includes working for an egalitarian (society of equality) society where no concentration of wealth is there.
In this society there is equal and plenty of opportunities for everyone.
These opportunities are in education, work, social justice, and livelihood.
Let us look at the principles now...
1. Establishment of Welfare State.
The principles have been framed to make India a welfare state.
The constitution establishes the welfare state at a federal level along with the state level.
In a welfare state, the main duty of government is the safety of the welfare of the people.
2. Emphasis on ideas of the Preamble.
The principles emphasize the preamble and the goal of the state in Indian politics which is not laissez-faire.
A laissez-faire system is that which has minimum government interference in the activities in the country.
On the contrary, it is a welfare state where the state has a duty to ensure that its citizens get social and economic justice.
Also, along with this, they maintain the dignity of the individuals.
DPSP is divided into principles of administrative policy, social policy directives, socio-economic policy, and principles of international policy.
Looking at Principles of Administrative policy
Principles of Administrative Policy help the government to understand and properly conduct daily functioning.
Example: To gather the village people, article 40 was inserted which called for village panchayats.
While article 50, on the other hand, provides all the information for separation of judiciary from the executive.
Looking at Social Policy Directives
Social Policy directives are to maintain order and equality among citizens.
Example: Article 38 says, the objective of the government is to protect and secure a social order which has social, economic, and political justice
These justices are for every person in India.
Article 41, calls the right to education, work, and public assistance for the economically weaker section.
It makes the state grant permission to government servants who are retired as well as their dependent individuals.
Article 43A calls for the betterment of industrial relations with workers.
Right to health and the rising levels of the nutrition of the people is given in article 47.
Thus, it is important to have these Directive Principles of State Policy as they are guidelines for the functioning of the government.